Spoken English सिखने के लिए सभी उपयोगी Grammar

All Grammar(A To Z) for Learning Spoken English,इंग्लिश शिखने के लिए सभी उपयोगी ग्रामर;

Grammar

All Useful English Grammar For Learning Spoken English

English Tenses

Go(V1)  – Went(V2)  – Gone(V3)

Simple present tense :(Do/Does) V1-जाता हु 
I go to temple
He goes to temple
Do use for (I, We, They, You-First Person)   Example-Do I play cricket?
Does use for  (He, She ,It, Name-Second/Third Person)  Example- Does He play cricket?

 
Present continuous tense: (Is/Am/Are+Ing)-रहा हे,रही हे,रहे हे (हमारी आँखों के सामने कोई क्रिया चालू हे)
He is playing cricket
I am going to temple
They are playing cricket

Present perfect tense: (Have/Has+Past Participle)-चूका हे, किया हे(कोई क्रिया जस्ट अभी पूरी हुई हो)
I have completed my work
Have use for (I, They. We, You-First Person ) 
Has use for (He, She, It ,Name-Second/Third Person)
 
Present perfect continuous tense: (Have/Has+Been+Ing) से रहा हे,तब से कर रहा हे,तब से कर रही हे (कोई क्रिया जो भूतकाल में चालू हुई थी और अभी भी चालू हे वह)
She has been living in Bharuch since 1990
I have been working with this company for 1 year 
 
Simple past tense: V2(गया था)
I went to temple
Did you go to temple (जब आप Did use करे तो उसके साथ V1 use होगा, Did+Simple Present Tense)
 
Past continuous tense: (Was/Were+Ing)-रहा था,रही थी,रहे थे (भूतकाल में कोई क्रिया चालू थी)
Was use for singular (I, He ,She ,It, Name)
Were use for plural (They, We, Your)
I was going to temple
They were going to temple
Useful English Grammar
Past perfect tense : (Had+Past Participle)-चूका था(कोई क्रिया भूतकाल में ही पूरी हो गई हो)
I had signed on that paper
I had completed worked yesterday
 
Past perfect continues tense : (Had+Been+Ing)-से रहा था(भूतकाल में कितने समय से क्या कर रहे थे,भूतकाल में क्या हो रहा था)
I had been waiting for you for 1 hour last evening
I had been working with this company for 1 year
 
Simple future tense : (Will+V1),जाऊंगा 
I will go to temple
 
Future continuous tense : (Will+Ing)रहा होगा(भविष्य में क्रिया चालू होगी)
He will be sleeping
They will be enjoying a long vacation
 
Future perfect tense : (Will+Have+Past Participle)-चुका होगा (भविष्य में क्रिया पूरी हो गई होगी)
I will have left Mumbai tomorrow
She will have got the job by the next week
 
Future perfect continue tense: (Will+Have/Has+Been+Ing),तक करता रहेगा,से करता रहेगा(भविष्य में करता रहूँगा)
I will have been working with this company for 1 year
I will have been sleeping tomorrow
 

English Vocabulary को याद करने के 13 बढ़िया तरीके

Useful English Grammar
Preposition(नामयोगी अवयव),नाम या सर्वनाम के साथ योग सम्बन्ध होता हो,Preposition का उपयोग English वाक्य में नाम या सर्वनाम से पहले होता हे(Pre-पहले और Position-स्थान=Preposition) 
About(के सम्बन्ध में ,के  बारेमे)
I am talking about him

Above(के उपर -लेकिन सता हुआ नही ,से ऊपर)
Do you know about him?-क्या तुम उसके बारेमे जानते हो?
It is about seven o’clock-सात बजने वाले हे 
The bus is about to start-बस निकलने ही वाली हे 

Across(सामने,उसपार)
There is a bridge across the river
The boy swam across the river

After(के बाद)
He came after seven o’clock-वह सात बजे के बाद आया 
April comes after ten o’clock-अप्रैल मार्च के बाद आता हे 
I will enter after you-में तुम्हारे बाद प्रवेस करूंगा 

Against(के विरुद्ध)
I am not against you-में तुम्हारे विरुद्ध नही हु 
This is against the low-यह नियम के विरुद्ध हे 

Along(साथ)
I walk along the station road for 30 minutes

Among(बिच में -इसका उपयोग तिन या तिन से अधिक व्यक्तिओ या वस्तुओ के लिए होता हे)
There is friendship between Raju and Anmol-राजू और अनमोल के बिच दोस्ती हे  

Around(आसपास)
We walk around the school every day
There is a big fence around my house
Useful English Grammar

At(में पर-निश्चित समय,छोटे स्थान,किम्मत,स्थिति इत्यादि का बोथ कराने के लिए उपयोग होता हे)
He came at five o’clock-वह पांच बजे आया 
He came at night-वे रात में आये 
He lives at sarngpur-वह सारंगपुर में रहता हे 
Rice seles at Rs.10 a kilo-चावल दस रूपये किलो की दर से बिकता हे 
Rita is at school-रीता स्कूल में हे 
Mohan is good at cricket-मोहन क्रिकेट में अच्छा हे 
They are at work-वे लोग काम पर हे 

Before(से पहले,के पहले ,के सामने)
A comes before B-A, B के पहले आता हे 
I will come before Diwali-में दिवाली से पहले आऊंगा 
July come before August -जुलाई अगस्त के पहले आता हे 
Rakesh stood before the judge-राकेश जज के सामने खड़ा था 

Behind(के पीछे)
I am standing behind the wall
My house is behind his house

Below(के निचे)
Please don’t write below this line-कृपया इस पंक्ति के निचे नही लिखे 
They were below thirty-वे लोग तिस के निचे थे 

Beneath(निचे)
People felt tremor beneath the earth

Beside(बगल में,समीप या बाहर और इसमें स्थान का बोढ होता हे)
He was sitting besides his father-वह अपने बाप के बगल में बैठा हुआ था 

Besides(अतिरिक्त,अलावा)
She had no one besides her mother-माँ के अलावा उसका कोई नही था 

Between(बिच में -दो व्यक्तिओ या वस्तुओ के साथ होता हे)
There is friendship between Ravi and Ali-रवि और अली के बिचमे दोस्ती हे 

Beyond(बाहर)
There are many stars beyond the sky

But(को छोड़कर,के अतिरिक्त)
All but one were drowned-एक को छोड़कर सभी डूब गये 

By(से,द्वारा,के पास,तक,में-साधन,समीपता,समय इत्यादि का बोढ) 
This book has been written by Mohit-यह पुस्तक मोहित द्वारा लिखी हुई हे 
May I pay by cheque?-क्या में चेक से भुगतान कर शकता हु? 
He came by train-वह train से आया 
Come and sit by her-आओ और उसके पास बेठो 
The house is by the big tree-घर बड़े पेड़ के पास हे 
Finish it by 7 o’clock-सात बजे तक इसे पूरा करो 
It is 8 o’clock by my watch-मेरी घड़ी में आठ बजा हे 

Concerning(सम्बन्धित)
I want to know everything concerning the subjects

Despite(छटा)
Despite having money people are not happy

Down(निचे)
The car tumbled down the road last night

During(दरमियान)
I work during the year to earn money

Except(को छोड़कर)
All are present there except him

For(के लिए,की और,से -period of time,में के बदले)
This is for you-यह तुम्हारे लिए 
She came here for money-वह पेसे के लिए यहाँ आई  
Is this train for Mumbai?-क्या यह गाडी मुंबई के लिए हे?
It has been raining for five hours-पांच घंटो से वर्षा हो रही हे 
I bought the pen for Rs.10-मेने 10 रूपये में कलम खरीदी 
Useful English Grammar

From(से -स्थान से अलग होने का भाव,समय का भाव,स्त्रोत का भाव,इत्यादि)
He has come from Gujarat-वह गुजरात से आया 
She was blind from birth-वह जन्म से अंधी थी 
These lines are from the Geeta-ये पंक्तिया गीता से ली गई हे 

In(में-बड़े स्थान,समय,स्थिरता,-के भीतर,पोशाक,पेशा,इत्यादि का भाव दर्शाने में)
He lives in America-वह अमेरिका में रहता हे 
I play in the morning-में सुबह में खेलता हु 
He is in the room-वह कमरे में हे 
She was in sari-वह साडी में थी 
He is in the Navy-वह नौसेना में हे 
What is in your mind?-तुम्हारे दिमाग में क्या हे 

Inside(अंदर)
Please come inside

Into(में,बाहर से भीतर की और जाने का भाव,एक चीज मे से दूसरी चीज में बदलने का भाव)
He come into my room-वह मेरे कमरे में आया 
Heat turns water into vapor-गर्मी पानी को बाष्प में परिवर्तित करती हे 

In front of(के सामने)
My house is in front of the school
Sumedha is standing in front of me 

Like(जेसा,जेसी,जेसेकी)

Minus(कम)

Near(पास)
There is a garden near my school
Kavita is standing near us

Of(के बारेमे,से)
One cow stood in the middle of the road yesterday
The brother of mine was very rude last year not now
I need a cup of coffee

Off
Please, switch off your mobile
My house is off the Sardar Patel Circle On(ऊपर-सता हुआ)

On(ऊपर)
The diary is on the bench
We shall go on Monday

Onto(पर)
The cat jumped onto the table

Opposite(विरुद्ध)
The library is opposite to my house

Out Of(बहार)
I went out of the town last week
We got four prizes out of ten
The paper is made out of paper pulp
My anger is out of control now

Outside(बाहर)
Please keep your shoes outside the shop

Over(के ऊपर -सता हुआ या छूता हुआ नहीं ,से ऊपर/अधिक)
There was an umbrella over his head-उसके सर के ऊपर एक छाता था 
He is over sixty-वे साठ से ऊपर के हे 
There is a bridge over the river-नदी के ऊपर एक पुल हे 

Past
I walk past the garden everyday
I was past 3 o’clock
Useful Grammar

Per(प्रति)
The average of the bike is 50 k.m. per liter

Plus(
लाभ)

Since(से-Point of time के पहले)
He has been absent since Monday-वह सोमवार से अनुपस्थित हे 

Through(द्वारा)
The road leads you through a city

Throughout(समग्र)
The news spread throughout the world
I do exercise throughout the winter

To(की और,बाकी,-समय का भाव,इत्यादि)
I am going to garden-में स्कूल जा रहा हु 
It is ten to five-पांच बजने में दस मिनिट बाकी हे 

Towards(तरफ)
We are walking towards the highway now

Under(तले)
There is a snack under the chair
The price of the dress is under 200 rupees

Underneath(निचे)
There are many ants underneath the carpet

Until(तब तक)
I will stay until Monday in the city

Up(ऊपर)
We walked up the mountain last year

Up to(तक)
I have read up to 100 pages

Versus(विरुद्ध)
The next match will be India versus Pakistan

Via(होकर)
Everybody has to go London via Abu dhabi

With(के साथ,से,द्वारा)
He plays with his friend-वह अपने दोस्त के साथ खेलता हे 
I write with a pen-में कलम से लिखता हु 
He cut the apple with a knife-उसने सेब को चाकू से काटा 
I am always with you-में हमेशा तुम्हारे साथ हु 
He was with a bag-वह बैग के साथ था 

Within(के अंदर), Without(के बिना)
He will come within an hour-वह एक घंटे के अंदर आएगा 
 

Speaking English सीखने की Most Important Tips

Useful English Grammar
Conjunction 
And(और)
He is honest and hard working 

But(लेकिन)

I want to come there but I have some problem

Or(या)

Where would you like to go to a movie or a temple?
I do not like mango or banana
Useful Grammar

Yet(अभी भी)

He scored 95% in 12th exam, yet he is unhappy

Since(तबसे,जबसे)

Since there was heavy rain yesterday, he couldn’t attend the party
Since I was ill last week, I did not come in the party

As(जेसा)

As my father is very old, he cannot walk properly
As Suresh was very poor, he couldn’t get take the admission in Engineering

For(के लिए)

Maya didn’t get the job for there was heavy competition

In order that(ताकि)

He works very hard in order that he may get the nice job
Useful Grammar

Though/Although(यध्यपि,फिर भी)

Rahul sang well though he did not win a prize
Although Ravi is very young he plays the piano beautifully

Even if(यध्यपि,फिर भी)

Even if I don’ win, I will practice

So that(इतना की)

Aakash was so tired that he could hardly walk

Provided that

I can give you a job provided that you know English fluently
Everybody can speak English provided that one spend enough time for it

As well as(साथ साथ)

My brother as well as my father attended the ceremony

As if(जैसे की)

Rohit run as if he was chased by ghosts
Useful Grammar

As soon as(जैसे ही)

I will finish this work as soon as I come

No sooner than(ज्योही)

No sooner did the bell ring than the boys run out of their classes

Hardly When(अभी की)

Mukesh hardly reached the station when it began to rain

Scarcely When

Scarcely had she returned from the job when her boss called her
Sohel had scarcely earned money when he lost it

Either or(यातो ये यातो वह)

Either Manisha or Kavita will win the race

Neither nor(नतो ये न तो वह)

Neither me nor my brother was present in the class

Both(दोनों)

Suresh is both clever and dishonest

Not only But also(न सिर्फ़,लेकिन)

Jayesh not only punished but also fined

Such as(जेसा,जेसे की)

I read such books as self help and motivational
She likes such friends as Mahesh, Mayur

As as(समान)

He is as clever as I am

As so

As you work, so the result is
As shall you sow, so shall you reap

Whether or (की या)

I don’t know whether he works here or somewhere else
She can not say whether she will get a job or not

Otherwise/Else(नहीं तो)

You must work hard otherwise/else you will fail

Therefore(इसलिए)

He was found begging in the city therefore he was punished

So(इसलिए)

He was late to work so he was fired

Consequently(परिणाम स्वरूप)

My business was dull last year, consequently I suffered a lot
I couldn’t reach in the interview on time, consequently I didn’t get the job

Till(तक)

Just wait for me till evening in the city

Unless/If(जब तक नहीं)

Unless you tell me the story, I won’t let you go home    
Useful English Grammar
Modals 

Will(For future)
She will come here tomorrow morning
There will be live on next saturday

Would(Polite request, past habit, willingness, choice or preference, express intention)
Would you help me in my work?
I would sit at bank of river and think about my future
He would like to be doctor
I would rather die than marry you
I wish I would but that house(wish+would)

Shall(Use for future)
I shall come at your home tomorrow
I shall complete my work next week

Should(Use for Duty, Obligation)

You should do your work on time
We should pay attention on our health
You should help the poor

Useful English Grammar

Can(शक्यता)

I can teach English well
She can sing well on the stage

Could(ability, polite request, permission, possibility)
She could not attend the function due to rain
Could you help me in my work?
Could I play now?
If I were you,I could finish it on time

May(Permission, polite request, possibility, may be, express wish)
May I open the window?
May I speak to Mr.Shah?
You may not pass in exam
I may be in the class tomorrow
May God bless you!

Might(Possibility, permission, gentle reproach)

It might rain today
Might I go early today?
You might spend money wisely

Must(Obligation/duty, necessity, derermination, probability/likelihood)

People must not spit public place
You must take medicine daily
I must teach him a lesson
I think, Sachin must be there 

Ought to=Should(Duty, necessity, fitness(लायकात), moral obligation)

You ought to help your parents
You ought to do your duty honestly
You ought to graduate for this job
You ought to help poor people

Dare(हिम्मत)

I dare to fight with The Rock
I have dare to control my staff

Need(जरुरत,जरुर होना)

I need more money in my life
I need to wake up early

Used to(भूतकाल की आदत)

I used to wake up late
I used to exercise daily

There : Use with is/are

Describing Quantity(इसका उपयोग अनिश्चित परिमाण -माप, अनिश्चित संख्या या जत्था का निर्देश करने हेतु होता हे)
Little-नहिवत
I have little time for reading

A little-थोड़ा
Could you give me a little water
There is a little water in the jug

Few-नहिवत
There were few passengers in the bus

A Few-थोड़ा
There were a few students present

Some(अनिश्चित संख्या या जत्था का निर्देस करता हे)
Some candidates were absent
Please, give me some water

Any
Do you have any news papers?
He does not have any time to write

Much(जत्था का सुचन करता हे, जिस को हम गिन न शके वह चीज के लिए इसका उपयोग होता हे milk, butter, water)
There is much water in jug
Useful English Grammar

Many(plural के लिए ही उपयोग होता हे)
I have many friends
You have many ball pens

The rest(बचा हुआ)
I spent 300 rupees deposited the rest with the bank
Some players will play, what the rest do?

None(एक भी नही)
None of the professors attended college 

Have/Has: He/She/It=Has-Second Person, I/We/You/They=Have-First person
 
Do/Does: (Do for I/We/You/They-1st person),(Does for He/She/It-Third person)

Did+V1 use होता हे 
 
Wasएकवचन के लिए,Wereबहुवचन के लिए use होता हे
 
HeMale, SheFemale
 
This-That Use for एकवचन(This-Person),(That-Thing)
 
These-Those=Use for बहुवचन
 
Each-हरेक, Every-सब, Either-दो मेसे एक, Neither-दो मेसे एक भी नहीं
Useful English Grammar
 
Degree 
 
Positive Degree

As—–As
He is as clever as I am
I was as smart as my sister

So—-As
He is not so happy as his brother

Your watch is not so costly as my watch


Comparative Degree-words की end में ‘er’ or बड़े शब्दों के आगे ‘More’ लगेगा

He is smarter than his sister
Raman is stronger than Jayesh
Ankita is more beautiful than Amisha

Superlative Degree-word की end में ‘est ‘or बड़े शब्दों के आगे ‘Most’ लगेगा

I am the fastest bowler in my team
Rakesh was the most powerful man in his town

Useful English Grammar
Personal Pronouns(व्यक्तिगत सर्वनाम)They stand for person-We, You ,He ,She, He ,It, They
 
Personal Pronouns(Accusative Case)-Me, Us ,You, Her, Him, It
 
Possessive Pronouns(अधिकार-संबंधी सर्वनाम)My(मेरा,मेरी),Our(हमारा),Your(आपका),His(उसका),Her(उसका),Their(उनका),Its(इसके),Mine(मेरा),Hers(उसका),Theirs(उनका)
Useful English Grammar
 
Reflexive Pronouns(निजवाचक सर्वनाम)-They Are(वे),Myself(स्वयं),Ourselves(स्वयम),Himself(उसके द्वारा),Herself,Itself,Themselves(उनके.द्वारा),Yourself(आपके.द्वारा),Per(प्रति),Plus,Since,Through,Throughout,To,Towards,Under,Underneath,Until,Up,Up to,Versus,Via,With,Within,Without

If you want to learn Spoken English then all this “English Grammar” is very useful and helpful for you.

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